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Mike F., USA

"Thank you very much for my membership to Figure Drawing Online blog! And thank you for the great lectures! They are exactly what I was looking for!
Your lessons are even better than the lessons that I have visited during my graphic design studies at the University.

Because of your teaching lessons I discovered the figural drawing again for me and I have the feeling to really learn something ... step by step. Thanks for that ;-)

In a few weeks I would like to progress to the Advanced Class."
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"I was so impressed with the clarity of the beginning lecture and the lecture on the torso that I will be ordering all 13 lectures and advanced as they are produced. Great teaching!! I wish I was in Australia!"
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Note: The links in orange are live and have content. The rest is coming soon.

1/ Approach To Drawing – a bit of theory that goes a long way

1.1/ There is no such thing as Multitasking

1.2/ Copying versus Creating

1.3/ The Only 3 Rules

1.4/ Grasping the Complex

2/ The Basic Set–Up

2.1/ Materials – paper, drawing tools...

2.2/ Environment

3/ Drawing Basics

3.1/ Why Standing?

3.2/ How to hold A Pencil

4/ Drawing Practices

4.1/ The Shapes

4.2/ How to Steady the Hand

4.3/ Basic Perspective

4.4/ Foreshortening

4.5/ Imagine It and Draw It

5/ The Drawing magic

5.1/ The building Elements – line, plane, mass and contour lines

5.2 Flick that Light Switch

5.3/ The rule of the Mass – weight, thrust, orientation
 

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Image of a female model and the drawing of her.

I also teach in person – figure drawing, figurative sculpture in clay and figurative sculpture in stone. Attending a class in person has it's advantages. If you wish to do so, find out where and when is the next class held.

movies

Basic Perspective

Perspective is an approximate representation, of an image as it is seen by the eye on a flat surface. In other words, it is the conversion of the 3 dimensional world onto a 2 dimensional flat surface such as your drawing pad.

Basic Terms:
Line Of Sight – is a straight line shooting out of the viewer's eye towards the observed object. For the reasons beyond this article, even though we look with two eyes we only see one image. So, for the sake of simplification in the image below, in the top view and 3/4 view, the line of sight is drawn to be coming out of the spot between the 2 eyes.

image explaining the line of sight

Picture Plane – is an imaginary rectangle through which the observer see the object to be drawn. This plane is perpendicular to the Line Of Sight and moves with it wherever the observer looks. Ultimately the plane represents the drawing pad onto which you will draw the figure.

image explaining the picture plane

Horizon – is the line where the sky meets the earth. Since it is directly opposite the observer's eye, in your drawings the horizon will be on the level of your eyes. So if you are looking up at something, the horizon will be below what you are looking at or if you are looking down on something then the horizon will be above the object, often completely outside of the surface of your drawing pad.

image explaining horizon 1

image explaining the horizon 2

Vanishing Point – if there are objects in the scene that have paralel lines, like a cube, then there will be a Vanishing Point. It is the point into which the parallel lines will recede an eventually meet. Every set of parallel lines will need a Vanishing Point. A scene with a single Vanishing Point is called –
One Point Perspective. All the lines in the scene that are parallel with the observer's Line Of Sight will meet in this one Vanishing Point. Like the railroad tracks. Even though a cube has three sets of parallel lines, if one of it's faces is parallel to the observer's Picture Plane, it will be subject to a One Point Perspective.

image explaining one point perspective

Two Point Perspective – if there are objects the observer is looking at that have 2 sets of parallel lines, then they will need two Vanishing Points. The same cube as above, when it is rotated, then none of it's faces are parallel to the observer's Picture Plane. Like a corner of a house. Note that one edge of the cube is still parallel to the observer's Picture Plane and only one of the Vanishing Point falls within the Picture Plane – which ultimately is your drawing pad. For the perspective to work, the vanishing points don't have to be inside of the Picture Plane.

image explaining two point perspective

Three Point Perspective – is needed when the same cube has none of it's faces and none of it's edges parallel to the picture plane. A good example of this would be looking at a tall building.

image explaining three point perspective

Below is a summary video of all of the above and it's application to drawing the human figure.

If you found the free tutorials, articles and the
"A Drawing A Day" series helpful, please donate an amount of your choice. Your support will enable me to continue producing more free stuff to help the progress of your learning. I do appreciate your support.

Image of a hand making a pen and ink drawing of a figure

This site has a Blog which is the platform for announcements. This is where the news of any new article, video and / or tutorial is posted. It also publishes the "A Drawing A Day" series where I upload a drawing a day, sometimes with a bit of commentary to demonstrate some of the many points talked about in the free lessons and the drawing course. This may take on a form of a video.

 

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